Types and advantages of tutoring


Tutoring has become a powerful education tool for academic success of all students of all levels and types. According to Fager, J. (1996) tutoring helps to increases mastery of academic skills, improves self-esteem and self-confidence, improves students’ attitude towards school, reduces dropout rates, truancies, and tardies, breaks down social barriers, and creates new friendships, and provide emotional support and positive models. There are mainly three tutoring types: (i) peer tutoring, (ii) cross-age tutoring, or (iii) parent /volunteer tutoring. And the three main participants are (a) students, (b) tutors, and (c) teachers, and each type and participants could benefit from tutoring as follows as described by Fager:

Peer tutoring: this is a one-on-one tutoring process where the tutor is the same age, grade, or academic status as the tutees. And has the following advantages:

  • Convenient vis-à-vis other forms of tutoring for it is constrained within one class with one group of children
  • Can be conducted at lower costs- cost-effective 
  • Since both tutors and tutee are in a similar age group, they can speak the same language and have similar interest 

Cross-Age Tutoring: This is when the tutor is older than the tutees and has the following advantages:

  • The age difference could give additional advantages on top of the advantages of peer tutoring
  • It may increase tutees self-esteem via sharing ideas with an older and higher status friend
  • Prevents the possible inferiority complex children might experience with tutee of the same age

  Parent/Volunteer Tutoring: This is where the tutor is outside the school tutor students and has the following benefits

  • Puts parents and other community members in touch with the school
  • Creates and advocates for the school and the tutoring process in general 
  • Reduces distraction- adult-student pairs generally do not get as distracted as student-student pairs, thus creating less of a need for teacher supervisor 

Tutoring also will benefit each participant:


  • Gives tailored to individualized students’ learning styles 
  • Help students’ progress at their own pace
  • Increased praise, feedback, and encouragement over what they might receive from one teacher 
  • Skills demonstrated instead of just verbalized 


  • Gives a sense of pride and accomplishment for having helped someone 
  • Increase academic masterly
  • Gives a greater sense of dedication to their instruction
  • Increase self-esteem, confidence, and sense of adequacy 


  • Allow teachers to undergo more technical and professional tasks
  • Increased personal monitoring of individual student’s progress
  • Personal gratification seeing the rewards reaped by both tutors and tutee 

Hence, by volunteering one/two hours to the schools our kids are attending or to our community college, we can get the psychological benefit of a sense of pride and accomplishment for having helped someone, improve our academic masterly. And we can contribute positively to the quality of education by letting our teachers focus on professional and technical tasks.

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